How to keep your Durable Medical Equipment (DME) clean and healthy

durable medical

In the realm of healthcare, Durable Medical Equipment (DME) is a silent hero, providing essential support in long-term care facilities and nursing homes. Yet, its role often goes unnoticed until it’s compromised by neglect, particularly in terms of cleanliness and maintenance. It’s not just about wiping down surfaces; understanding the unique cleaning requirements of different types of DME is crucial. From mobility aids to respiratory equipment, each piece of DME has its own cleaning considerations. In this article, we’ll delve into the importance of DME cleanliness, general and specific cleaning guidelines, suitable cleaning products, and the role of regulations and staff training. We’ll also touch upon the significance of regular inspections and maintenance. So, if you’re keen on ensuring the best health outcomes in your facility, this comprehensive guide is for you.

Understanding Different Types of Durable Medical Equipment (DME)

Common Types of DME Used in Long-term Care Facilities

Durable Medical Equipment (DME) is a broad term that encompasses a variety of medical devices designed to assist patients with different needs. In long-term care facilities, you’ll commonly find mobility aids such as wheelchairs, walkers, and canes. These aids are crucial in helping patients move around independently. Respiratory equipment, including oxygen systems, CPAP machines, and nebulizers, are also prevalent, providing vital support for patients with respiratory conditions. Other types of DME include hospital beds, commode chairs, and glucose monitors, each serving a unique purpose in patient care.

Specific Cleaning Needs for Different Types of DME

Each type of DME has its unique cleaning requirements, primarily determined by its function and the materials it’s made from. For instance, mobility aids like wheelchairs may require regular wiping down with disinfectant wipes, while respiratory equipment like CPAP machines may need more detailed cleaning procedures to prevent the buildup of bacteria and mold. Some equipment may also require decontamination procedures, including cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization.

Considerations for DME Cleaning

When it comes to cleaning DME, several factors need to be considered. The type of device, its usage, and the environment in which it’s used can all influence the cleaning process. For instance, equipment used by multiple patients or in high-traffic areas may require more frequent cleaning. The choice of cleaning agent is also crucial, with some devices requiring specific disinfectants to effectively eliminate pathogens without damaging the equipment. Furthermore, the cleaning process should always comply with manufacturer’s instructions and relevant health regulations to ensure safety and effectiveness.

Remember, at MasVida Health, we’re committed to providing comprehensive and effective cleaning solutions for all types of DME, ensuring safer and healthier environments in healthcare facilities. You can learn more about our DME Program here or our comprehensive infection prevention program here.

The Importance of Cleaning DME

Role of Clean DME in Preventing Infections

Clean DME plays a pivotal role in preventing the spread of infections within healthcare settings. Every time a patient uses a piece of equipment, there’s a potential for harmful bacteria or viruses to latch onto it. If the equipment isn’t properly cleaned before the next use, these pathogens can easily transfer to the next patient, leading to potential infections. Regular and thorough cleaning of DME is, therefore, a critical step in infection prevention, helping to break the chain of infection and keep patients safe. When MasVida picks up your equipment we go through a Robust IPC process to ensure it is safe and healthy for redelivery.

Risks of Not Properly Cleaning DME

The risks associated with not properly cleaning DME are significant. Unclean equipment can harbor a variety of pathogens, from common bacteria to dangerous viruses. When patients come into contact with contaminated equipment, they’re at risk of developing infections, some of which can be severe or even life-threatening. Furthermore, in long-term care facilities and nursing homes where many patients have weakened immune systems, the spread of infection can be rapid and devastating. Therefore, proper cleaning of DME is not just a matter of cleanliness—it’s a matter of patient safety.

Impact of Clean DME on Patient Safety

The impact of clean DME on patient safety and health cannot be overstated. Clean equipment reduces the risk of healthcare-associated infections, contributing to better patient outcomes. It also helps to maintain the functionality and longevity of the equipment, ensuring that patients can rely on these essential tools for their care. Furthermore, clean DME contributes to a safer overall healthcare environment, promoting trust and confidence among patients and their families.

At MasVida Health, we understand the importance of clean DME in maintaining a safe and healthy healthcare environment. Our comprehensive cleaning solutions are designed to ensure that all DME is kept in the best possible condition, contributing to the prevention of infections and enhancing patient safety.

General Guidelines for Cleaning DME

Cleaning Frequency

The frequency of cleaning DME can vary depending on the type of equipment and its usage. Some items, like hospital beds and mobility aids, may require daily cleaning due to constant contact with patients. Other equipment, such as respiratory devices, might need cleaning after each use to prevent the spread of respiratory infections. It’s essential to establish a regular cleaning schedule for each piece of DME in your facility, ensuring that no equipment is overlooked and patient safety is maintained.

Basic Cleaning Steps

Cleaning DME involves several basic steps. First, remove any visible dirt or debris from the equipment. Then, clean the surface with a suitable detergent, which helps to further remove dirt and reduces the number of germs. After cleaning, disinfect the equipment using an appropriate disinfectant to kill any remaining germs. Finally, allow the equipment to air dry, as some disinfectants need to remain on the surface for a certain period to be effective. Remember, always wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) during the cleaning process to protect yourself from potential exposure to harmful pathogens.

Following Manufacturer’s Instructions

One of the most important aspects of cleaning DME is following the manufacturer’s instructions. These guidelines provide specific information about what cleaning and disinfecting agents are safe to use on the equipment, as well as any special cleaning procedures that need to be followed. Not adhering to these instructions can result in damage to the equipment or ineffective cleaning, both of which can compromise patient safety. Therefore, always ensure you have the latest cleaning instructions from the manufacturer and that they are followed meticulously.

Specific Cleaning Procedures for Different Types of DME

Cleaning Procedures for Mobility Aids

Mobility aids such as wheelchairs and walkers are frequently in contact with users and the environment, making them potential carriers of pathogens. To clean these aids, start by removing visible dirt or debris. Then, using a cloth dampened with a suitable detergent, clean all surfaces, paying special attention to areas that come into frequent contact with the user, such as handles and armrests. After cleaning, apply an appropriate disinfectant and allow it to air dry. Remember to also check and clean the wheels or other moving parts, as these areas can often accumulate dirt and germs. Electrostatic application of disinfectant is also best practice.

Cleaning Procedures for Respiratory Equipment

Respiratory equipment like CPAP machines and nebulizers require careful cleaning due to their direct contact with the user’s respiratory system. After each use, disassemble the equipment as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Clean all parts with a mild detergent and warm water, then rinse thoroughly to remove any soap residue. After cleaning, disinfect the equipment using a solution recommended by the manufacturer, then rinse again if necessary. Allow all parts to air dry before reassembling. It’s also important to regularly replace filters and other parts as recommended by the manufacturer.

Cleaning Procedures for Hospital Beds and Related Equipment

Hospital beds and related equipment are used continuously, making regular cleaning essential. Start by removing any bedding and cleaning it separately according to standard laundry procedures. Then, clean all surfaces of the bed with a suitable detergent, followed by disinfection. Pay special attention to high-touch areas like bed rails and control buttons. For mattresses and pillows, use products and procedures recommended by the manufacturer. Always allow the bed to dry completely before reapplying clean bedding.

At MasVida Health, we provide comprehensive cleaning solutions for all types of DME, ensuring your equipment is always clean and safe for use. Our science-based approach to cleaning and disinfection helps to create safer and healthier environments in healthcare facilities.

Cleaning Products Suitable for DME

Recommended Cleaning Products

Choosing the right cleaning products for DME is crucial to ensure effective cleaning and disinfection without damaging the equipment. Generally, mild detergents are suitable for cleaning most types of DME. For disinfection, alcohol-based wipes or sprays can be used on hard, non-porous surfaces. However, for certain equipment like respiratory devices, specific disinfectants may be recommended by the manufacturer. It’s always best to refer to the manufacturer’s instructions for the recommended cleaning products for each piece of equipment.

Products to Avoid

While it’s important to clean and disinfect DME regularly, it’s equally important to avoid products that may damage the equipment or be harmful to users. For instance, abrasive cleaners can cause physical damage to some equipment, while bleach or other harsh chemicals can cause discoloration, corrosion, or even residual harm to users. Always avoid using any cleaning product not recommended by the manufacturer, as it may not only damage the equipment but also reduce its effectiveness and lifespan.

Understanding and Complying with DME Cleaning Regulations

Overview of DME Cleaning Regulations

DME cleaning is not just a matter of best practice—it’s also regulated by various health authorities. These regulations provide guidelines on how to clean and disinfect different types of DME, how often cleaning should be done, and what products to use. They are designed to ensure that all DME is cleaned to a standard that minimizes the risk of infection and ensures patient safety.

Importance of Compliance

Compliance with DME cleaning regulations is crucial. Non-compliance can not only lead to the spread of infections but also result in penalties for healthcare providers. More importantly, compliance with these regulations is a demonstration of a healthcare provider’s commitment to patient safety and quality of care. MasVida Health are committed to helping healthcare providers comply with all relevant regulations, providing comprehensive cleaning solutions that meet and exceed regulatory standards.

Training Staff on DME Cleaning Procedures

Importance of Staff Training

Training staff on DME cleaning procedures is a critical aspect of maintaining a safe and healthy environment in healthcare facilities. Proper training ensures that all staff members understand the importance of cleanliness, know how to clean and disinfect DME effectively, and are aware of the potential risks associated with improperly cleaned equipment. This not only helps to prevent the spread of infections but also extends the lifespan of the equipment, ensuring it remains in good working order for those who rely on it.

Elements of Effective Training Programs

Effective training programs for DME cleaning should include both theoretical knowledge and practical skills. Staff should be educated about the importance of cleanliness, the potential risks of improperly cleaned equipment, and the correct cleaning and disinfection procedures for each type of DME. Practical training should involve hands-on experience with cleaning and disinfecting DME under the supervision of a trained professional. Regular refresher courses should also be provided to ensure that staff members’ knowledge and skills remain up-to-date.

Regular Inspection and Maintenance of DME

Importance of Regular Inspections

Regular inspections of DME are crucial to ensure that the equipment is functioning properly and is safe for use. Inspections can help to identify any issues or damage early, allowing for timely repairs or replacements and preventing potential accidents or malfunctions. Regular inspections also ensure that the equipment is clean and free from any pathogens that could cause infections.

Basic Maintenance Tasks

Basic maintenance tasks for DME include regular cleaning and disinfection, checking for any visible damage or wear and tear, and ensuring that all parts are functioning correctly. For certain types of equipment, maintenance may also involve replacing parts like filters or batteries at regular intervals. Always refer to the manufacturer’s instructions for specific maintenance tasks for each piece of equipment.

MasVida Health understands the importance of staff training and regular inspections in maintaining the cleanliness and functionality of DME. We provide comprehensive training programs and inspection services to ensure that your DME is always in the best possible condition.


Maintaining the cleanliness and functionality of Durable Medical Equipment (DME) is a critical aspect of patient care in long-term facilities and nursing homes. From understanding the different types of DME and their specific cleaning needs, to recognizing the importance of regular cleaning, inspections, and maintenance, every step plays a crucial role in ensuring patient safety and preventing infections. Staff training and compliance with cleaning regulations further enhance the effectiveness of these measures.

How often should Durable Medical Equipment (DME) be cleaned?

The frequency of cleaning depends on the type of equipment and its usage. Some DME, like mobility aids, should be cleaned daily, while others, like respiratory equipment, might require cleaning after each use. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions for cleaning frequency.

What are some recommended cleaning products for DME?

Non-abrasive, non-corrosive, and non-bleach cleaning products are generally recommended for DME. MasVida partners with the best when it comes to cleaning and disinfecting. Learn more about the IPC program here.

Why is staff training important for DME cleaning?

Staff training ensures that DME is cleaned properly and consistently, reducing the risk of infections and prolonging the lifespan of the equipment. Effective training programs should cover the basics of cleaning, specific procedures for different types of DME, and the importance of following manufacturer’s instructions.

What are the consequences of not properly cleaning DME?

Improper cleaning of DME can lead to the spread of infections, equipment malfunction, and reduced lifespan of the equipment. It can also compromise patient safety and lead to potential regulatory non-compliance.

What are some basic maintenance tasks for DME?

Basic maintenance tasks for DME include regular cleaning, inspection for damage or wear, and replacement of parts as per the manufacturer’s guidelines. Regular maintenance ensures that the equipment functions properly and safely.

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